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Resolving NAT type issues on your Belkin router

Network Address Translation (NAT) is the ability of your Belkin router to translate a public IP address to a private IP address and vice versa.  It adds security to the network by keeping the private IP addresses hidden from the outside world. 
 

Gaming consoles often encounter NAT related issues resulting to poor gaming experience.  This problem is resolved by checking the settings on your router which contribute to NAT issues. Sometimes due to the built-in firewall of the router, you will need to open ports.  You may do this by either doing Port Forwarding or Port Triggering.  Once the ports are successfully opened, the NAT Type will change from Strict to Open or Moderate.  Thus, making the gaming console work successfully online. 


When it comes to opening of the ports, you will need to set the IP settings on the gaming console to static to complete the set-up.  This procedure will be further explained through the steps below.
 

NOTE:  Before checking the router settings, make sure first that your gaming console has an Open NAT when connected directly to the modem without the Belkin router.
 

In gaming consoles, there are three (3) NAT types to describe your connectivity to other players over the Internet:

  • Open NAT - This means that your gaming console has the ability to connect to anyone’s games, host games, and other users will be able to find and connect to the game you are hosting.
     
  • Moderate NAT - This means that your connectivity to other players is neither limited nor open.  You will be able to connect to other players but some functions will be limited.
     
  • Strict NAT - This means that you have limited connectivity with other players and players who have Strict or Moderate NAT will not be able to join your gaming session.


If you are experiencing Strict or Moderate NAT, here are a few things to help you open up your router’s NAT:
 

Determining NAT capability of the modem
Checking the IP configuration of the gaming console
Setting up Port Forwarding


Determining NAT capability of the modem

IMPORTANT:  If your DSL modem is NAT capable, it could cause your gaming console to have a Strict NAT type since your Belkin router also has built-in NAT capability.  It is strongly recommended that DSL modems be set to a Bridge mode.

Why this works:  Most DSL modems have the same subnet and IP address (192.168.x.x) as that of your Belkin router.  Setting it to Bridge mode will then make the Internet IP address show up as a public address (76.68.x.x) therefore avoiding conflict with double NAT issues on the network.

Checking the IP configuration of the gaming console

If the gaming console has a Static IP address, ensure that the IP address of the gaming console is in range with the IP segment of the network.  To check the IP configuration, contact the gaming console manufacturer.

NOTE:  Alternatively, you can also try using a DHCP-assigned IP address. If the gaming console has a DHCP-assigned IP address, make sure that the gaming console is getting an IP address that is in range with the IP segment of the network.

Setting up Port Forwarding

Make sure to do port forwarding on the router to allow connection to pass through.  For instructions on how to enable port forwarding on your Belkin router, click here.  If you have the Belkin Dashboard interface, click here.
 

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