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Cascading or Connecting a Belkin router to another router

Cascading is a term used when connecting a router to another router.  This is done if you want to:

  • Improve the performance of the network without removing your older router
  • Connect more devices (wired and wireless)
  • Expand the wireless network range
  • Isolate the network traffic

In this article, the first router is the main router and the second router will be called secondary router.  If you want to cascade a non-Belkin router to the main router, you need to call its manufacturer for support.
 

Take note of these configuration scenarios:

 

Scenario 1:  If your main router is configured with PPPoE (Username and Password provided by ISP), the secondary router connection will be dynamic.

 

Scenario 2:  If your main router is configured with Bridged mode, the secondary router connection will be static (IP address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway provided by ISP) or PPPoE (Username and Password provided by ISP).

 

Scenario 3:  If your main router is configured with Static IP (IP address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway provided by ISP), the secondary router connection is dynamic.


IMPORTANT:  The main router should have an active Internet connection before cascading the secondary router; otherwise you need to set it up first.  Contact your Internet Service Provider (ISP) if you can't connect to the Internet directly from your modem.  If your main router is non-Belkin, you need to contact the manufacturer for support.

NOTE:  The wireless equivalent of cascading is called bridging.  This method is officially supported by selected router models only.

There are two (2) ways to cascade a Belkin router to another router:

i. LAN to LAN - Connecting one of the Ethernet ports (LAN ports) of the Belkin router (main router) to one of the Ethernet ports (LAN ports) of another router (secondary router).

 

This type of cascading requires the main and the secondary routers to be on the same LAN IP segment to allow the computers and other devices to connect to both routers. This configuration is recommended if you want to share files and resources within the network.
 

ii. LAN to WAN - Connecting one of the Ethernet ports (LAN ports) of the main router to the Internet port (WAN port) of the secondary router.


This type of cascading requires the main router and the secondary router to have different IP segments. This connection makes it easier to identify which router the computers and other devices in the network are connected to since they will have different LAN IP segments.  However, computers that are connected to the main router will not be able to communicate with the secondary router, and vice versa since there are two (2) different networks.

NOTE:  Before you connect a Belkin router to another router, make sure that both routers have different IP addresses.  This is necessary to avoid conflict and connectivity issues in the local network if they have similar IP addresses.  In this case, you need to change the IP address of the secondary router.

 

LAN to LAN connection

 


Step 1:
Check and take note of the IP address of the main router.  Click here to learn how.

Step 2:
Connect a computer to the secondary router (desktop or laptop to one of the Ethernet ports of the second router).

Image

 

Step 3:
Access the setup page of the secondary router.

Step 4:
Under the LAN Setup left navigation tab, look for LAN Settings.

NOTE:  If the IP address is the same as the main router, change the fourth octet (the number in the fourth box) to a different value.

 

Image
 

Step 5:
Set the DHCP Server to Off.

 

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Step 6:

Click Image.

Step 7:
Unplug the cable from your computer and connect it to one of the Ethernet ports on the main router.

 

Image

 

Step 8:
Powercycle the secondary router and once the Power light is solid, you may now check your Internet connection.

 

QUICK TIP:   If your routers are both wireless, you may or may not synchronize the wireless settings.  Should you prefer to set two (2) different network names in your LAN-to-LAN type of connection, you can still do file sharing since the IP segment of the second wireless network will still be within the range of the main wireless network.
 

LAN to WAN connection



Step 1:
Check and take note of the IP address of the main router.

Step 2:
Connect a computer to the secondary router (desktop or laptop to one of the Ethernet ports of the secondary router).

 

Image


Step 3:
Access the setup page of the secondary router.

Step 4:
Under the LAN Setup left navigation tab, look for LAN Settings.

NOTE:  If the IP address is the same as the main router, change the third octet (the number in the third box) to a different value.  Make sure that the Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0 This will set the secondary router to a different IP segment from the main router.

 

Image


NOTE:  In cascading routers, the secondary router's DHCP must be set to On. However, by default, the DHCP is already selected. If you need to enable the DHCP of your router, go to the LAN Setup page, then set the DHCP Server to On.

Step 5:

Click Image .
 

Step 6:
Unplug the cable from your computer and connect it to one of the Ethernet ports on the main router.

Step 7:
Transfer the Ethernet cable connected to the secondary router to its Internet port.


 

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Step 8:
Powercycle the secondary router and once the Power light is solid, you may now check your Internet connection.

 

QUICK TIP:   If your routers are both wireless, you may or may not synchronize the wireless settings.

NOTE:   A single router that is set to Bridge mode will disable the Guest access feature of the router.  In cascading routers, specifically LAN to LAN connections, setting the second router to Bridge mode would also disable access for guest network.  However, guest access is still permissible if the connections are LAN to WAN.

Cascading your Belkin router to another router is one way of expanding your local network.  If you want to further improve the performance of your local network without going through the cascading process, you may install the following devices:

  • Switch
  • Access points
  • Range expanders
  • Powerline adapters

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