192.168.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255.)
10.x.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255.)
ADVANCED FEATURE! There is no need to change the subnet mask. It is possible to change the subnet mask if necessary. Only make changes to the Subnet Mask if you specifically have a reason to do so.
DNS is an acronym for Domain Name Server. A Domain Name Server is a server located on the Internet that translates URL's (Universal Resource Links) like www.belkin.com to IP addresses. Many ISP's do not require you to enter this information into the Router. If you are using a Static IP connection type, then you may need to enter a specific DNS address and secondary DNS address for your connection to work properly. If your connection type is Dynamic or PPPoE, it is likely that you do not have to enter a DNS address.
The DHCP server function makes setting up a network very easy by assigning IP addresses to each computer on the network. The DHCP Server can be turned off if necessary. Turning off the DHCP server will require you to manually set a Static IP address in each computer on your network. The IP pool is the range of IP addresses set aside for dynamic assignment to the computers on your network. The default is 2-100 (99 computers) if you want to change this number, you can by entering a new starting and ending IP address and clicking on "Apply Changes".
Local Domain Name
You can set a local domain name (network name) for your network. There is no need to change this setting unless you have a specific advanced need to do so. You can name the network anything you want such as "MY NETWORK".
A dynamic connection type is the most common connection type found with cable modems. Setting the connection type to dynamic in many cases is enough to complete the connection to your ISP. Some dynamic connection types may require a Host Name.You can enter your Host Name in the space provided if you were assigned one.Your Host Name is assigned by your ISP. Some dynamic connections may require that you clone the MAC address of the PC that was originally connected to the modem.To do so, click on the "Change WAN MAC address" link in the screen. The Internet Status indicator will read "connection OK" if your Router is set up properly.
Static IP (IPoA)
An IP address that is manually configured and never changes. Short for Internet Protocol over ATM, designed in an attempt to make IP subnets map directly onto ATM networks in the same way that IP subnets map onto VLANs. Notice that DHCP client is not supported over IPoA. You must enter the WAN interface IP address, the remote end IP address for the default gateway setup, and the DNS server addresses provided by the ISP. Also you must enter VCI, VPI and Encapsulation values.
To set the Router to use IPoA, type in all the parameters in the spaces provided. After you have typed in your information, click "Apply Changes". After you apply the changes, the Internet Status indicator will read "connection OK" if your Router is set up properly. For more details on configuring your Router to use IPoA (Static IP), see the user manual.
PPPoE (Routing Mode, for multiple PCs)
Most DSL providers use PPPoE as the connection type. If you use a DSL modem to connect to the Internet, your ISP may use PPPoE to log you into the service. If you have an Internet connection in your home or small office that doesn't require a modem, you may also use PPPoE.
Your connection type is PPPoE if:
1) Your ISP gave you a user name and password which is required to connect to the Internet
2) Your ISP gave you software such as WinPOET, Enternet300 that you use to connect to the Internet
3) You have to double-click on a desktop Icon other than your browser to get on the Internet
To set the Router to use PPPoE, type in your User Name and Password in the spaces provided. If you do not have a Service Name or do not know it, leave the Service Name field blank. After you have typed in your information, click "Apply Changes". After you apply the changes, the Internet Status indicator will read "connection OK" if your Router is set up properly. For more details on configuring your Router to use PPPoE, see the user manual.
PPPoA (Routing Mode, for multiple PCs)
Enter the PPPoA information in the provided spaces, and click "Next". Click "Apply" to activate your settings.
a. Username - Enter the ISP assigned user name. (Usually assign by your ISP).
b. Password - Enter your password. (Usually assign by your ISP).
c. Retype Password - Confirm the password. (Usually assign by your ISP).
d. VPI/VCI - Enter your Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit Identifier (VCI) parameter here. (Usually assign by your ISP).
The MTU setting should never be changed unless your ISP gives you a specific MTU setting. Making changes to the MTU setting can cause problems with your Internet connection including disconnection from the Internet, slow Internet access and problems with Internet applications working properly.
Disconnect after X...
The Disconnect feature is used to automatically disconnect the router from your ISP when there is no activity for a specified period of time. For instance, placing a checkmark next to this option and entering 5 into the minute field will cause the router to disconnect from the Internet after 5 minutes of no Internet activity. This option should be used if you pay for your Internet service by the minute.
MAC is an acronym for Media Access Controller. All network components including cards, adapters, and routers, have a unique "serial number" called a MAC address. Your ISP may record the MAC address of your computer's adapter and only let that particular computer connect to the Internet service. When you install the router, the Router's own MAC address will be "seen" by the ISP and may cause the connection not to work. Belkin has provided the ability to clone (copy) the MAC address of the computer into the router. This MAC address, in turn, will be seen by the ISP's system as the original MAC address and will allow the connection to work. If you are not sure if your ISP needs to see the original MAC address, simply clone the MAC address of the computer that was originally connected to the modem. Cloning the address will not cause any problems with your network.
To Clone your MAC address, make sure that you are using the computer which was ORIGINALLY CONNECTED to your modem before the Router was installed. Click the "Clone MAC address" button. Click "Apply Changes". Your MAC address is now cloned to the router.
This function will allow you to route external (Internet) calls for services such as a web server (port 80), FTP server (Port 21), or other applications through your Router to your internal network. Since your internal computers are protected by a firewall, machines from the Internet cannot get to them because they cannot be 'seen'. If you need to configure the Virtual Server function for a specific application, you will need to contact the application vendor to find out which port settings you need. To manually enter settings, enter the IP address in the space provided for the internal machine, the port type (TCP or UDP) select the LAN & Public port(s) required to pass, select Enable and click "Set". You can only pass one port per internal IP address. Opening ports in your firewall can pose a security risk. You can enable and disable settings very quickly. It is recommended that you disable the settings when you are not using a specific application.
Client IP Filters
The Router can be configured to restrict access to the Internet, e-mail or other network services at specific days and times. Restriction can be set for a single computer, a range of computers, or multiple computers.
To configure the URL Blocking feature, specify the websites (www.somesite.com) and or keywords you want to filter on your network. Click "Apply" to activate the change. To complete this configuration, you will need to create or modify an access rule in the "Access Control" section. To modify an existing rule, click the "Edit" option next to the rule you want to modify. To create a new rule, click on the "Add PC" option. From the "Access Control Add PC" section check the option for "WWW with URL Blocking" in the Client PC Service table to filter out the websites and keywords specified.
MAC Address Filtering
The MAC Address Filter is a powerful security feature that allows you to specify which computers are allowed on the network. Any computer attempting to access the network that is not specified in the filter list will be denied access. When you enable this feature, you must enter the MAC address of each client on your network to allow network access to each or copy the MAC address by selecting the name of the computer from the "DHCP Client List". To enable this feature, select "Enable". Next, click "Apply Changes" to save the settings.
If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application properly from behind the firewall, you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access. This may be necessary if the NAT feature is causing problems with an application such as a game or video conferencing application. Use this feature on a temporary basis. The computer in the DMZ is not protected from hacker attacks. To put a computer in the DMZ, enter the last digits of its LAN IP address in the Static IP field and click "Apply Changes" for the change to take effect.
Block ICMP Ping
Computer hackers use what is known as "Pinging" to find potential victims on the Internet. By pinging a specific IP address and receiving a response from the IP address, a hacker can determine that something of interest might be there. The Router can be set up so it will not respond to an ICMP Ping from the outside. This heightens the level of security of your Router. To turn off the ping response, select "Block ICMP Ping" and click "Apply Changes". The router will not respond to an ICMP ping.
The Router ships with NO password entered. If you wish to add a password for more security, you can set a password here. Keep your password in a safe place as you will need this password if you need to log into the router in the future. It is also recommended that you set a password if you plan to use the Remote management feature of this Router.
The login timeout option allows you to set the period of time that you can be logged into the Router's advanced setup interface. The timer starts when there has been no activity. For example, you have made some changes in the advanced setup interface, then left your computer alone without clicking "Logout". Assuming the timeout is set to 10 minutes, then 10 minutes after you leave, the login session will expire. You will have to login to the router again to make any more changes. The login timeout option is for security purposes and the default is set to 10 minutes. As a note, only one computer can be logged into the Router's advanced setup interface at one time
Time and Time Zone
The Router keeps time by connecting to a Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) server. This allows the Router to synchronize the system clock to the global Internet. The synchronized clock in the Router is used to record the security log and control client filtering. Select the time zone that you reside in. If you reside in an area that observes Daylight Saving, then place a checkmark in the box next to "Enable Daylight Saving". The system clock may not update immediately. Allow at least 15 minutes for the router to contact the time servers on the Internet and get a response. You cannot set the clock yourself.
Before you enable this function, MAKE SURE YOU HAVE SET THE ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD. Remote management allows you to make changes to your Router's settings from anywhere on the Internet.
Before you enable this function, MAKE SURE YOU HAVE SET THE ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD.. Network Address Translation (NAT) is the method by which the router shares the single IP address assigned by your ISP with the computers on your network. This function should only be used by advanced users. This function should only be used if your ISP assigns you multiple IP addresses or you need NAT disabled for an advanced system configuration. If you have a single IP address and you turn NAT off, the computers on your network will not be able to access the Internet. Other problems may also occur. Turning off NAT will not affect your firewall functions.
UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play) is a technology that offer seamless operation of voice messaging, video messaging, games, and other applications that are UPnP compliant. Some applications require the Router's firewall to be configured in a specific way to operate properly. This usually requires opening TCP and UDP ports and in some instances setting trigger ports. An application that is UPnP compliant has the ability to communicate with the Router, basically "telling" the Router which way it needs the firewall configured. The Router ships with the UPnP feature disabled. If you are using any applications that are UPnP compliant, and wish to take advantage of the UPnP features, you can enable the UPnP feature. Simply select "Enable" in the "UPnP Enabling" section of the Utilities page. Click "Apply Changes" to save the change.
Automatic Firmware Update Notification
Automatic Firmware Update Notification The Router has the capability built-in to automatically check for a new version of firmware and alert you that the new firmware is available. When you log into the Router advanced interface, the router will perform a check to see if new firmware is available. If new firmware is available, you will be notified. You can choose to download the new version or ignore it. The router ships with this feature disabled. If you want to enable it, select "Enable" and click "Apply Changes".
1) Line Status
This field displays the four types of ADSL connection process and status :
- HANDSHAKE : ADSL modem is trying to establish a connection to telephone company's network.
- TRAINING : ADSL modem has located a far-end DSLAM in telephone company's network and is training.
- SHOWTIME : Successful connection is established between ADSL modem and telephone company's network.
- IDLE : ADSL modem is in inactive.
2) Link Type
This field displays the latency modes for fast or interleave path.
3) Data Rate
This field displays the ADSL data rate.
4) Upstream / Near End Indicator
The number of transmit data frames from Client ADSL Modem to Central Office DSLAM.
5) Downstream / Far End Indicator
The number of transmit data frames from Central Office DSLAM to Client ADSL Modem.
6) Noise Margin
Amount of increased noise that can be tolerated while maintaining the designed BER(bit error rate). The Noise Margin is set by Central Office DSLAM. If the Noise Margin is increased, bit error rate performance will improve, but the data rate will decrease. Conversely, if the Noise Margin is decreased, bit error rate performance will decrease, but the data rate will increase.
Attenuation is the decrease in magnitude of the ADSL line signal between the transmitter (Central Office DSLAM) and the receiver (Client ADSL Modem), measured in dB. It is measured by calculating the difference in dB between the signal power level received at the Client ADSL modem and the reference signal power level transmitted from the Central Office DSLAM.
8) Loss of Signal Defect
This field displays the count of event of ADSL signal loss.
9) Fast Path CRC Error / Interleaved Path CRC Error
This field displays the number of transmit data frames containing CRC errors per second since training.
10) Fast Path FEC Correction / Interleaved Path FEC Correction
This field displays the FEC(Forward Error Correction) and indicates that errors were detected and corrected in the codeword.
11) Fast Path HEC Error / Interleaved Path HEC Error
This field displays the HEC(Header Error Control) and indicates that the mismatches in the header of ATM packets since start of link.
12) Received Cells
This field displays the number of cells received.
13) Transmitted Cells
This field displays the number of cells transmitted.
The bandwidth gap between LAN and WAN may significantly degrade performance of critical network applications, such as VoIP, gaming, and VPN.This QoS function allows users to classify traffic of applications and provides them with differentiated services (Diffserv).