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LAN Setup

LAN Settings

IP address The "IP address" is the Internal IP address of the Router. To access the advanced setup interface, type this IP address into the address bar of your browser. This address can be changed if needed. To Change the IP address, type in the new IP address and click "Apply Changes". The IP address you choose should be a non-routable IP.

Examples of a non-routable IP are: 192.168.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255.)
10.x.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255.)

Subnet Mask There is no need to change the subnet mask. It is possible to change the subnet mask if necessary. Only make changes to the Subnet Mask if you specifically have a reason to do so.

DHCP The DHCP server function makes setting up a network very easy by assigning IP addresses to each computer on the network. The DHCP Server can be turned of if necessary. Turning off the DHCP server will require you to manually set a Static IP address in each computer on your network. The IP pool is the range of IP addresses set aside for dynamic assignment to the computers on your network. If you want to change this number, you can by entering a new starting and ending IP address and clicking on "Apply Changes".

IP Pool The range of IP addresses set aside for dynamic assignment to the computers on your network. If you want to change this number, you can do so by entering a new starting and ending IP address and clicking on "Apply Changes". The starting IP address must be lower in number than the ending IP address.

Lease Time The length of time the DHCP server will reserve the IP address for each computer. We recommend that you leave the lease time set to "Forever". The default setting is "Forever", meaning that any time a computer is assigned an IP address by the DHCP server, the IP address will not change for that particular computer. Setting lease times for shorter intervals such as one day or one hour frees IP addresses after the specified period of time. This also means that a particular computer's IP address may change over time. If you have set any of the other advanced features of the Router such as DMZ or client IP filters, these are dependent on the IP address. For this reason, you will not want the IP address to change.

Local Domain Name
You can set a local domain name (network name) for your network. There is no need to change this setting unless you have a specific advanced need to do so. You can name the network anything you want such as "MY NETWORK".

DHCP Client List

You can view a list of the computers, which are connected to your network. You are able to view the IP address of the computer, the host name (name of the computer in you network), and the MAC address of the computer's network interface card (NIC). Pressing the "Refresh" button will update the list. If there have been any changes, the list will be updated.

Internet WAN

Connection Type

From the connection type page, you can select the type of connection you want to use by selecting the "connection type" from the pull down list.

PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet) Most DSL providers use PPPoE as the connection type. If you use a DSL modem to connect to the Internet, your ISP may use PPPoE to log you into the service. Your connection settings are provided to you by your ISP.

Your connection type is PPPoE if:
1) Your ISP gave you a user name and password which is required to connect to the Internet .

2) Your ISP gave you software that you use to connect to the Internet.

3) You have to double-click on a desktop Icon other than your browser to get on the Internet.

PPPoA (Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM) Some DSL providers use PPPoA as the connection type. If you use a DSL modem to connect to the Internet, your ISP may use PPPoA to log you into the service. Your connection type is PPPoA if Your ISP gave you a user name and password which is required to connect to the Internet. Your connection settings are provided to you by your ISP.

ETHoA (Ethernet Connection over ATM) Your connection settings are provided to you by your ISP.

CLIP (Classical IP over ATM) Your connection settings are provided to you by your ISP.

Ethernet Bridge You can disable the routing functionality of the unit by selecting this option. Your connection settings are provided to you by your ISP.

Advanced

From the "Advanced" page, you can create multiple profiles for your WAN connection. You can create a new connection by clicking the "New Connection" button.

Wireless

Settings

The "Settings" page allow you to Enable and Disable your wireless functionality.

Channel and SSID

Changing the Wireless Channel There are a number of operating channels you can choose from. In the United States, there are 11 channels. In the United Kingdom and most of Europe, there are 13 channels. In a small number of other countries, there are other channel requirements. Your Router is configured to operate on the proper channels for the country you reside in. The channel can be changed if needed. If there are other wireless networks operating in your area, your network should be set to operate on a channel that is different than the other wireless networks. For best performance, use a channel that is at least five channels away from the other wireless network. For instance, if another network is operating on channel 11, then set your network to channel 6 or below. To change the channel, select the channel from the drop-down list. Click "Apply Changes". The change is immediate.

Changing the Wireless Network Name (SSID) To identify your wireless network, a name called the SSID (Service Set Identifier) is used. You can change this to anything you want to or you can leave it unchanged. If there are other wireless networks operating in your area, you will want to make sure that your SSID is unique (does not match that of another wireless network in the area). To change the SSID, type in the SSID that you want to use in the SSID field and click "Apply Changes". The change is immediate. If you make a change to the SSID, your wireless-equipped computers may also need to be reconfigured to connect to your new network name. Refer to the documentation of your wireless network adapter for information on making this change.

Security

WEP Encryption
1. Select "128-bit WEP" or "64-bit WEP" from the drop-down menu.
2. After selecting your WEP encryption mode, you can enter your WEP key manually by typing in the HEX WEP key. Click "Apply Changes" to finish.

What is a Hex (Hexadecimal) Key A Hex key is a mixture of numbers and letters from A-F and 0-9.

64-bit keys are five two-digit numbers. 128-bit keys are 13

two-digit numbers.

For instance:

AF 0F 4B C3 D4 = 64-bit key

C3 03 0F AF 0F 4B B2 C3 D4 4B C3 D4 E7 = 128-bit key

3. Encryption in the ADSL Router is now set. Each of your computers on your wireless network will now need to be configured with the same Hex key. Refer to the documentation of your wireless network adapter for information on making this change.

WPA-PSK (no server) From the Security Mode drop-down menu, select "WPA-PSK (no server)". Enter your pre-shared key. It can consist of from 8 to 40 characters and can be letters, numbers or symbols. This same key must be used on all of the clients that you set up. Click Apply Changes to finish. You must now set all clients to match these settings.

WPA (with server) Settings If your network uses a radius server to distribute keys to the clients, use this setting.
1. From the Security Mode drop down menu, select "WPA (with Radius server)".
2. Enter the IP address of the Radius Server into the "Server IP" fields.
3. Enter the Radius Key into the "Shared Secret" field.
4. Enter the Re-Key interval into the "Re-Key Interval" field. Re-Key interval is how often the keys are distributed (in packets).
5. Click "Apply Changes" to finish. You must now set all clients to match these settings.

Mac Address Filtering

The MAC Address Filter is a powerful security feature that allows you to specify which computers are allowed on the network. Any computer attempting to access the network that is not specified in the filter list will be denied access. When you enable this feature, you must enter the MAC address of each client on your network to allow network access to each.

Firewall

Policy

This page lets you set the firewall security level. You may choose from four pre-defined security levels: Maximum, Typical (default setting), Minimum, and Disabled.

Maximum Security This option provides you with maximum security, but it might also block uncommon applications such as online gaming. By selecting this option, you set the Router to reject all inbound traffic from the Internet except remote administration connection. It will also reject most outbound traffic to the Internet except common application such as Telnet, FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, DNS, IMAP, POP3, Ping and SMTP.

Typical Security By selecting this option, you set the ADSL Router to reject all inbound traffic from the Internet except remote administration connection but to allow all outbound traffic to the Internet, except as configured in the Access Control screen.

Minimum Security By selecting this option, you set the ADSL Router to permit all inbound traffic from the Internet. It will also allow all outbound traffic to the Internet, except as configured in the Access Control screen.

Disable Selecting this option disables the firewall.

Virtual Servers

Virtual Servers allow you to route external (Internet) calls for services such as a Web server (port 80), FTP server (Port 21), or other applications, through your Router to your internal network. Since your internal computers are protected by a firewall, machines from the Internet cannot get to them because they cannot be "seen". If you need to configure the Virtual Server function for a specific application, you will need to contact the application vendor to find out which port settings you need.

1. Click "New Entry" to add an Internal computer to the Virtual Server list.

2. Enter the LAN IP address in the space provided for the Local Host. Select the service that you want in the check box and click "OK" to save your settings.

Opening ports in your firewall can pose a security risk. You can enable and disable settings very quickly. It is recommended that you disable the settings when you are not using a specific application.

Access Control

access, through the WAN interface. The default is to permit all outgoing traffic. To configure restrictive access to your computers, do the following:

1. Click "New Entry" on the Access Control screen.

2. Select the name of the Internal Computer from the "Applied To" pull down list. Select the service that you want in the check box and click "OK" to save your settings.

You may also filter Internet access for local clients based on rules that you choose to activate. You can activate each access control rule at a scheduled time.

Web Filtering

The Web Filtering feature will allow you to specify which Websites the local computer will not be allowed to access. Any computer attempting to access the restricted Website will be denied.

1. Click "New Entry"

2. To configure the Web filtering feature, specify the Websites (www.anywebsite.com) you want to filter on your network. Enter the "Restricted Website" address and select the computer name you wish to block from the "Applied To" list. Click "OK" to save your settings.

You may also filter Internet access for local clients based on rules that you choose to activate. You can activate each Web Filtering rule at a scheduled time.

DMZ

If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application properly from behind the firewall, you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access. This may be necessary if the NAT feature is causing problems with an application such as a game or video conferencing application. Use this feature on a temporary basis. The computer in the DMZ is not protected from hacker attacks.

To put a computer in the DMZ, select the "DMZ Host IP Address" check box. Enter the LAN IP address in the "DMZ Host IP Address" field and click "OK" for the change to take effect.

Utilities

Restart Router

Sometimes it may be necessary to restart or reboot the ADSL Router if it begins working improperly. Restarting or rebooting the ADSL Router will NOT delete any of your configuration settings. Clicking the "Restart Router" button will restart the ADSL Router immediately.

Restore Factory Defaults

Using this option will restore all of the settings in the ADSL Router to the factory (default) settings. It is recommended that you back up your settings before you restore all of the defaults. Clicking the "Restore Defaults" button will restore all of the settings in the ADSL Router to the factory (default) settings immediately.

Saving/Backup Current Settings

You can save your current configuration by using this feature. Saving your configuration will allow you to restore it later if your settings are lost or changed. It is recommended that you back up your current configuration before performing a firmware update.

Restore Previous Settings

This option will allow you to restore a previously saved configuration.

Firmware Update

From time to time, Belkin may release new versions of the ADSL Router's firmware. Firmware updates contain feature improvements and fixes to problems that may have existed. When Belkin releases new firmware, you can download the firmware from the Belkin update Website and update your Router's firmware to the latest version.

Remote Management

Remote management allows you to make changes to your Router's settings from anywhere on the Internet. Before you enable this function, it is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED that you set your administrator password. Leaving the password empty will potentially open your Router to intrusion.

System Settings

The "System Settings" page is where you can enter a new administrator password, set the time zone, and turn on and off the UPnP function of the ADSL Router.

Setting or Changing the Administrator Password The Router ships with NO password entered. If you wish to add a password for greater security, you can set a password here. We strongly recommend that you set a password if you plan to use your Router's remote management feature. Be sure to write down your password and keep it in a safe place, as you will need it in order to log into the ADSL Router in the future.

Changing the Login Timeout Setting The login timeout option allows you to set the period of time that you can be logged into the ADSL Router's advanced setup interface without performing tasks. The timer starts when there has been no activity, as might happen, for example, if you have logged in to make some changes in the advanced setup interface, then left your computer alone without clicking "Logout". Assuming the timeout is set to 3 minutes, then 3 minutes after you leave, the login session will expire. You will have to login to the ADSL Router again to make any more changes.

Setting the Time and Time Zone The Router keeps time by connecting to a Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) server. This allows the ADSL Router to synchronize the system clock to the global Internet. The synchronized clock in the ADSL Router is used to record the security log and control client filtering. Select the time zone that you reside in. The system clock may not update immediately. Allow at least 15 minutes for the ADSL Router to contact the timeservers on the Internet and get a response. You cannot set the clock yourself.

Enabling/Disabling UPnP UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play) is yet another advanced feature offered by your Belkin Router. It is a technology that offers seamless operation of voice and video messaging, games, and other applications that are UPnP-compliant. Some applications require the ADSL Router's firewall to be configured in a specific way to operate properly. This usually requires opening TCP and UDP ports, and in some instances, setting trigger ports. An application that is UPnP-compliant has the ability to communicate with the ADSL Router, basically "telling" the ADSL Router which way it needs the firewall configured. If you are using any applications that are UPnP-compliant, and wish to take advantage of the UPnP features, you can enable the UPnP feature. Simply select "Enable" in the "UPnP Enabling" section of the "Utilities" page. Click "Apply Changes" to save the change.